The National Archaeological Museum is Europe’s most important and largest archaeological museum. Here, you can see most of the findings from the excavations of Pompeii and Herculaneum, , two of the towns that were destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius, in the year 79 A.D.
The building from 1585 has a long history. Originally, it was used as a cavalry barracks before it became the headquarters of the university in 1612.
In 1748, Sanfelice added a wing, which, since 1773, houses a
collection of antiquities the Bourbon king, Charles III, inherited from the Farnese family from Parma in 1735.